Optical (or digital) medium for collecting, recording and creating visual images. The first modern cameras were developed by Daguerre in 1838 and Niepce in 1826. Photography was already practised as an art in the 1860s.
Genre paintings in the closer sense depict everyday scenes of rural, bourgeois or courtly life. Here the term Genre is extended to all areas of human life. The early Genre paintings represent their motifs realistically, however oftentimes the image contents are to be understood as allegories, sometimes even as moralising artworks either praising idylls or denouncing human misconduct. Later in the 19th century the realistic component was brought again to the fore.